Rosh Hanikra is situated on the northwestern corner of Israel bordering Lebanon. This Geological phenomenon with its white chalk cliffs and its incredibly beautiful Grottoes is without doubt a not to be missed experience when travelling in Israel.
The Grottoes and Caves have been formed over a period of thousands of years from the force of the sea beating against the cliffs and gradually chipping away parts of the soft chalk. From the lookout point at the top of the cliff there is a magnificent view of Israel’s northern coastline and on a clear day it is possible to see as far south as Haifa. Looking out to sea the isles of Rosh Hanikra and the isles of Achziv can be seen. These islands are classified as a nature reserve as they are nesting places for birds.
The two minute exhilarating ride down the 210 foot cliff in the cable car is amazing as is the walk through the tunnels to view the many shades of water casting light and shadow on the grottoes which are inhabited by wildlife including Sea Turtles, Bats and Sea Birds.
Rosh Hanikra was, in ancient times, part of the trade route between Lebanon and Syria in the north and Israel, Egypt and North Africa in the South and at that time was known as “the Ladders of Tyre”. Alexander the Great led the Greek Army into the Land of Israel through a tunnel his forces dug at Rosh Hanikra.
The British army invaded Lebanon through the border at Rosh Hanikra during both world wars and in 1948 after the British withdrew and the State of Israel was declared. The bridge between Israel and Lebanon was blown up by Israeli forces so that Lebanon would be prevented from invading via Rosh Hanikra.
While touring the North of Israel, the grottoes at Rosh Hanikra are a definite “must see”.